In mining areas especially Oil and Gas either on shore or off shore, monitoring and maintenance programs are important every day to reduce errors and increase worker safety. Extensive areas and difficult terrain make inspection and maintenance time-consuming. Moreover, the area exposed to radiation, is very dangerous if done by human labor.
Technological advancements offer a sophistication to replace the human role of doing these things. Technology that can replace the human role is a flying robot or commonly called the unmanned aerial vehicle or more popularly called the drone.
Drone tool that presents the advantages of digital image can be utilized to monitor mining area. The tasks that the drone can do include the following aspects:
- Monitor mining conditions from the air to accelerate rescue response in case of work accident, it means that drone can be safety solution to the worker. Maybe we can call it uav safety solution.
- Monitor leakage and equipment damage.
Quick response to security systems and emergencies
- Conducting air patrols to oversee all mining areas, by capturing visual movements directly so as to oversee the movement of workers and suspicious persons.
- By displaying a real time visual of the drone can help speed up the officer’s response to crack down on any emergency situation.
Port area supervision solutions
- Forming crew for navigation while leaning his ship to the port.
- Port Monitoring and Vessel Traffic Control
- Supervise the loading and unloading of goods from and to the port
- Such as in mining areas, drones also oversee emergencies and safety
Mapping the mining area is very important and should be done. In this case the use of drones is considered to be very effective compared to using surveyors of mining services. In a day the surveyor can only mapping an area of 10 hectares while the drone can mapping an area of 1000 hectares in a single flying with a height of 300 meters and photographing the work area of 200 meters.
While exploring, companies often determine the calculation of available mineral reserves and open access roads. This activity requires a top visual appearance of the mine site area, both relying on drones in capturing processed data and producing topographic maps and image maps. Furthermore, in the calculation activities of coal reserves, volumes, and depth of the borehole, the calculation is done by comparing the upper limit with the lower limit. Topographic maps are also used here as the upper boundary of the mine site which will be compared to the lower limit obtained from the geological survey results.
Every mining company has the responsibility to reclaim / rehabilitate damaged environments. This reclamation is done by replanting or reforesting an area damaged by the mining activity. These changes should be managed to avoid adverse environmental impacts such as erosion, sedimentation, poor drainage, entry of weeds / pest / plant diseases, surface / ground water pollution by toxic materials and others. Before starting the reclamation activities there is of course basic planning. The company must see how much damage the mine site experienced. Drones back can be utilized, with not consuming enough time and able to produce a map with a high enough resolution, drones can be the company’s handle to perform a fast and precise reclamation.
Increasing the utilization of drones, the productivity of natural resource exploitation will increase. The strong foundation and proper implementation are able to maintain and improve the productivity of Indonesia’s natural resources and one of them in the mining industry.